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Saponification Chart

Our saponification values have been gathered primarily from our suppliers and product documentation. In some cases, we have relied upon outside sources. Certain SAP values will differ from those listed in other sources because SAP values can fall within a range of values acceptable for an oil/butter/lipid. The actual value will change depending on the origin of the lipid and what the weather conditions were for that particular plant material and processing techniques. In most cases we used an average of the range so that your soap will not come out lye heavy in the event that the actual SAP value was on the lower end of the range.

These numbers are actual SAP values expressed in the number of mg of KOH required to saponify 1 g of oil/fat. When reading a certificate of analysis of an oil/fat, the SAP Value will be listed in this way.

Most soapers prefer to convert these numbers when making soap to be able to calculate their lye easily. You will see these converted values listed as decimal values. They are derived from the actual SAP value and are not true SAP values.

Dividing the SAP value by 1000 gives us a ratio of KOH to Oil in the same units (mg), and therefore becomes the ratio of KOH needed for any unit, as long as you use the same units to measure your KOH and Oils. Example: An oil with an average SAP value of 190 will require 190/1000 = 0.190 g of KOH per g of oil, or 0.190 ounces of KOH per ounce of oil, or 0.190 pounds of KOH per pound of oil.

Dividing the SAP value by 1402.50 or multiplying the KOH ratio by 40/56.1 (the ratio of the molecular weights of NaOH/KOH), gives us the amount of NaOH required for any unit, as long as you use the same units to measure your NaOH and Oils. Example: An oil with an average SAP value of 190 will require 190/1402.50 = 0.135 g of NaOH per 1 g of oil, 0.135 ounces NaOH per ounce of oil, or 0.135 pounds of NaOH per pound of oil.


Summary:
To convert actual SAP Values into converted values ready to work with in any unit:

  • Solid Soap (NaOH): Divide the average SAP Value by 1402.50
  • Liquid Soap (KOH): Divide the average SAP Value by 1000


To download a tab delimited text copy of this chart, please click here.

Please let us know if you have any questions or would like us to add any SAP values.

Lipids SAP NAOH (oz.) KOH (oz.) INCI Name
Acai Berry Oil 201 0.143 0.201 Euterpe Oleracea (Acai) Fruit Oil
Almond Butter, Sweet 115 0.082 0.115 Prunus amygdalus dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Almond Oil, Sweet 195 0.139 0.195 Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil
Aloe Vera Butter 240 0.171 0.24 Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil and Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract
Aloe Vera Oil 193 0.138 0.193 Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil (and) Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract
Andiroba Oil, Refined 170 0.121 0.17 Carapa guianensis (Andiroba) Nut Oil
Apricot Kernel Butter 138 0.098 0.138 Prunus armeniacae (Apricot) Kernel Oil
Apricot Kernel Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Prunus armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil
Apricot Kernel Oil, Organic 190 0.135 0.19 Prunus armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil
Argan Oil, Deodorized 190 0.135 0.19 Argania spinosa (Argan) Nut Oil
Argan Oil, Virgin Organic 190 0.135 0.19 Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil
Avocado Butter 188 0.134 0.188 Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil and Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Avocado Oil 188 0.134 0.188 Persea gratissima (Avocado) Oil
Avocado Oil, Organic 193 0.138 0.193 Persea gratissima (Avocado) Oil
Avocado Oil, Refined 208 0.148 0.208 Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil
Babassu Oil 251 0.179 0.251 Orbignya Oleifera (Babassu) Seed Oil
Baobab Oil 205 0.146 0.205 Adansonia digitata (Baobab) Seed Oil
Beeswax Pellets, White Filtered 92 0.066 0.092 Beeswax
Black Cumin Seed Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Nigella sativa (Black Cumin) Seed Oil
Black Raspberry Seed Oil 188 0.134 0.188 Rubus Occidentalis (Black Raspberry) Seed Oil
Borage Oil 186 0.133 0.186 Borago officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil
Borage Oil, Organic 193 0.138 0.193 Borago officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil
Brazil Nut Oil 197 0.14 0.197 Bertholletia Excelsa (Brazil) Nut Oil
Brazil Nut Oil, Organic 197 0.14 0.197 Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil) Nut Oil
Buriti Oil 213 0.152 0.213 Mauritia Flexuosa (Buriti) Fruit Oil
Calendula Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Glycine Soya (Soybean) Oil (and) Calendula officinalis (Flower) Extract (and) Tocopherol
Camelina Oil 191 0.136 0.191 Camelina sativa (Camelina) Seed Oil
Camellia Oil, Organic 191 0.136 0.191 Camellia Oleifera (Camellia) Seed Oil
Candelilla Wax Pellets 54 0.039 0.054 Candelilla (Euphorbia cerifera ) Wax
Carnauba Wax Flakes 87 0.062 0.087 Carnauba (Copernicia cerifera) Wax
Carrot Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil (and) Daucus carota sativa (Carrot) Root Extract (and) Tocopherol
Castor Oil 181 0.129 0.181 Ricinus communis (Castor) Seed Oil
Castor Oil, Organic 180 0.128 0.18 Ricinus communis (Castor) Seed Oil
Cherry Kernel Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Prunus avium (Cherry) Kernel Oil
Cocoa Butter (deodorized) 194 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter Deodorized
Cocoa Butter, Deodorized 194 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter
Cocoa Butter, Pure Prime Pressed 194 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter
Cocoa Butter, Ultra Refined 194 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter
Cocoa Oil 181 0.129 0.181 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Oil
Coconut Oil 76 degree 257 0.183 0.257 Cocos nucifera (Coconut) Oil
Coconut Oil, Organic 255 0.182 0.255 Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil
Coconut Oil, Virgin, Organic 259 0.185 0.259 Cocos Nucifera (Virgin Coconut) Oil
Coffee Bean Butter 188 0.134 0.188 Coffea arabica Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Copaiba Balsam Oil 153 0.109 0.153 Copaifera officinalis (Copaiba) Oil
Cranberry Seed Oil 192 0.137 0.192 Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Seed Oil
Cucumber Seed Oil 185 0.132 0.185 Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Oil
Cupuacu Butter, Refined 223 0.159 0.223 Theobroma grandiflorum (Cupuacu) Butter
Cupuacu Butter, Ultra Refined 223 0.159 0.223 Theobroma grandiflorum (Cupuacu) Butter
Emu Oil, AEA Certified Fully Refined Grade A 193 0.138 0.193 Emu Oil
Emu Oil, AEA Certified Fully Refined Ultra 193 0.138 0.193 Emu Oil
Emu Oil, Clear AEA Certified 193 0.138 0.193 Emu Oil
Evening Primrose Oil 188 0.134 0.188 Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil
Evening Primrose Oil 10% GLA RBD & Winterized 188 0.134 0.188 Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil
Evening Primrose Oil, Organic 188 0.134 0.188 Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil
Flax Seed Oil 192 0.137 0.192 Linum usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Oil
Fractionated Coconut Oil 348 0.248 0.348 Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
Grape Seed Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Tocopherol
Grape Seed Oil, Chardonnay 185 0.132 0.185 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil
Grape Seed Oil, Organic 193 0.138 0.193 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil
Grape Seed Oil, Riesling 193 0.138 0.193 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil
Green Coffee Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Coffea arabica (Green Coffee) Oil
Hazelnut Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Corylus Avellana (Hazel) Seed Oil
Helio Carrot Root Total CO2 Extract 100 0.071 0.1 Simmondsia Chinensis Seed Oil (and) Daucus Carota Root Extract
Hemp Seed Butter 188 0.134 0.188 Cannabis sativa Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Hemp Seed Oil 193 0.138 0.193 Cannabis sativa (Hemp) Seed Oil
Hemp Seed Oil, Organic 193 0.138 0.193 Cannabis sativa (Hemp) Seed Oil
Illipe Butter 194 0.138 0.194 Shorea stenoptera (Illipe) Seed Butter
Jojoba Oil, Golden, Organic 93 0.066 0.093 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Jojoba, Clear 92 0.066 0.092 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Jojoba, Natural 93 0.066 0.093 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Jojoba, Organic, Clear 93 0.066 0.093 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Karanja Oil 185 0.132 0.185 Pongamia Glabra (Karanja) Seed Oil
Kokum Butter 190 0.135 0.19 Garcinia indica (Kokum) Seed Butter
Kukui Nut Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Aleurites Moluccana (Kukui) Seed Oil
Lanolin Oil 100 0.071 0.1 Lanolin Oil
Macadamia Nut Butter 188 0.134 0.188 Macadamia ternifolia Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Macadamia Nut Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Macadamia (Macadamia ternifolia) Seed Oil
Mango Butter 191 0.136 0.191 Mangifera indica (Mango) Seed Butter
Mango Butter, Refined 190 0.135 0.19 Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Butter
Mango Oil (Olein) 188 0.134 0.188 Mangifera indica (Mango) Seed Oil
Manketti Oil 198 0.141 0.198 Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti) Oil
Maracuja Oil Passionfruit, Virgin 180 0.128 0.18 Passiflora edulis (Passionfruit) Seed Oil
Meadowfoam Oil 169 0.12 0.169 Limnanthes alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil
Meadowfoam Seed Oil 168 0.12 0.168 Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil
Monoi de Tahiti Oil 255 0.182 0.255 Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Gardenia Tahitensis (Tiare) Flower Extract, Tocopherol, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil
Moringa Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Moringa oleifera Oil
Murumuru Butter 253 0.18 0.253 Astrocaryum Murumuru Butter
Neem Oil, Organic 190 0.135 0.19 Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Seed Oil
Nutmeg Butter Myristic fragrans
Oat Oil 194 0.138 0.194 Avena sativa (Oat) Kernel Oil
Olive Butter 188 0.134 0.188 Olea europea (Olive) Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Olive Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Olea europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
Organic Black Cumin Seed Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Nigella sativa (Black Cumin) Seed Oil
Organic Red Raspberry Seed Oil 188 0.134 0.188 Rubus Idaeus (Red Raspberry) Seed Oil
Palm Kernel Oil 220 0.157 0.22 Elaeis guineensis (Palm) Kernel Oil
Palm Oil 198 0.141 0.198 Elaeis guineensis (Palm) Oil
Palm Oil, Organic 200 0.143 0.2 Elaeis guineensis (Palm) Oil
Papaya Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Carica papaya (Papaya) Seed Oil
Passionfruit Seed Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Passiflora incarnata (Passionfruit) Seed Oil
Peach Kernel Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Prunus Persica (Peach) Kernel Oil
Pecan Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Algooquian pacaan (Pecan) Nut Oil
Pequi Oil 205 0.146 0.205 Caryocar braziliensis (Pequi) Fruit Oil
Perilla Oil 193 0.138 0.193 Perilla ocymoides (Perilla) Seed Oil
Pistachio Nut Butter 188 0.134 0.188 Pistacia Vera Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Pomace Olive Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Olea europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
Poppy Seed Oil 196 0.14 0.196 Oleum Papaveris (Poppy) Seed Oil
Prickly Pear Seed Oil, Organic 185 0.132 0.185 Opuntia ficus indica (Prickly Pear) Seed Oil
Pumpkin Seed Oil 191 0.136 0.191 Cucurbita pepo (Pumpkin) Seed Oil
Red Raspberry Seed Oil 188 0.134 0.188 Rubus Idaeus (Red Raspberry) Seed Oil
Rice Bran Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Oryza sativa (Rice) Bran Oil
Rice Bran Oil, CP 185 0.132 0.185 Oryza sativa (Rice) Bran Oil
Rice Bran Oil, Organic 185 0.132 0.185 Oryza sativa (Rice) Bran Oil
Roasted Coffee Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Coffea Arabica Oil
Rosehip Oil 189 0.135 0.189 Rosa Canina / Rosa Rubiginosa (Rose Hip) Seed Oil
Rosehip Seed Oil, Organic 189 0.135 0.189 Rosa Canina / Rosa Rubiginosa (Rose Hip) Seed Oil
Sacha Inchi Oil, Organic 194 0.138 0.194 Plukenetia volubilis
Seabuckthorn Berry Total CO2 Extract 188 0.134 0.188 Hippophae Rhamnoides (Seabuckthorn) Fruit Extract
Seabuckthorn Oil 165 0.118 0.165 Hippophae rhamnoides (Seabuckthorn) Oil
Seabuckthorn Seed Total CO2 Extract 180 0.128 0.18 Hippophae Rhamnoides (Seabuckthorn) Kernel Extract (and) Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract
Sesame Oil 192 0.137 0.192 Sesamum indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil
Sesame Oil, Organic 108 0.077 0.108 Sesamum indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil
Shea Butter 180 0.128 0.18 Butyrospermum parkii (Shea Butter) Fruit
Shea Butter, Organic Crushed & Refined 180 0.128 0.18 Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Fruit Butter
Shea Oil 183 0.13 0.183 Butyrospermum parkii (Shea) Seed Oil
Shealoe Butter Aloe barbadensis Leaf Juice (and) Butyrospermum parkii (Shea Butter) Fruit
Soybean Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Glycine soja (Soybean) Oil
Soybean Oil, Organic 190 0.135 0.19 Glycine soja (Soybean) Oil
Stearic Acid 210 0.15 0.21 Stearic Acid
Sunflower Oil, High Oleic 191 0.136 0.191 Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Oil
Sunflower Seed Oil 191 0.136 0.191 Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil
Tamanu Foraha Oil 195 0.139 0.195 Calophyllum Inophyllum (Tamanu) Oil
Ungurahui Oil, Unrefined 198 0.141 0.198 Oenocarpus bataua (Ungurahui) Oil
Virgin Coconut Cream Oil 257 0.183 0.257 Cocos nucifera (Virgin Coconut) Oil
Walnut Oil 193 0.138 0.193 Juglans regia (Walnut) Seed Oil
Watermelon Seed Oil 192 0.137 0.192 Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Seed Oil
Wheatgerm Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Triticum vilgare (Wheat) Germ Oil
Yangu Cape Chestnut Oil 193 0.138 0.193 Calodendrum capense (Cape chestnut) Oil
Other Lipids SAP NAOH (oz.) KOH (oz.)  
Beef Tallow   .140 .196  
Canola Oil   .123 .173  
Corn Oil   .135 .190  
Cottonseed Oil   .137 .192  
Deer Tallow   .139 .1946  
Goat Tallow   .139 .1946  
Lard   .138 .1932  
Mustard Oil   .122 .172  
Niger-Seed Oil   .135 .1890  
Peanut Oil   .135 .190  
Poppyseed Oil   .136 .192  
Rapeseed Oil   .124 .175  
Shortening, Vegetable   .136 .1904  

 

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