Essential Oil Profiles

Below are descriptions for 47 conventional essential oils. For pricing information, please click on the bold link for each oil. Descriptions for 36 organic essential oils are also available.

Balsam: Copaiba Balsam

The copaiba is a tall tree that is native to regions of South America, most notably the Amazonian Basin of Brazil.

This 100% natural balsam is drawn from the trunks of the copaiba tree in a manner that does not harm the trees. It is then gently refined.

The balsam is pale yellow in hue and possesses a soft, pleasant, earthy, woody aroma. Natives have used Copaiba Balsam for generations for a wide range of topical applications.


Properties:

  • Caryophyllene (Sesquiterpene): 45.0-55.0%
  • Strongly Supportive of Healthy Skin and Hair
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Natural Fixative for Fragrance/Perfumery Applications


Uses:

Copaiba Balsam offers many benefits within cosmetic, personal care, aromatherapy and wellness applications. It is a valuable addition to personal care products intended to support damaged or problem skin and hair. Copaiba Balsam has a pleasant aroma and harmonizes with other aromatic compounds.

Copaiba Balsam is gaining more widespread attention for its use as a natural scent fixative.


Copaiba Balsam is Perfectly Suited for the Following Personal Care Applications:

  • Skin Care
  • Lip Care
  • Hair Care
  • Nail Care
  • Cosmetics
  • Aromatherapy


Recommended Usage: 1-3%

Essential Oil: Allspice, Jamaica

Allspice Essential Oil is steam distilled from the berries of the Pimento officinalis tree, an evergreen that is native to Jamaica.

Allspice Essential Oil possesses a highly fragrant, spicy aroma. It is a very warming oil that has been used topically and in massage blends. However, it does pose a higher risk of skin sensitization and we encourage heeding Tisserand/Young's maximum 0.15% dermal limit for the oil for leave-on skin formulations.

Allspice Essential Oil is often used within a number of personal care and wellness applications including use to help support muscular, respiratory and digestive health. We encourage you to research the numerous benefits of this helpful oil.

Allspice Essential Oil is wonderful to use year-round, but it is especially lovely for seasonal use during the Autumn and Winter seasons. It wonderful for use in home fragrancing, diffusion and potpourri blends. It is also considered to be an aphrodisiac.

Aromatically, Allspice Essential Oil is a warming and stimulating essential oil that can help reduce mental fatigue, improve clarity and help maintain alertness. It is considered a middle note and blends especially well with essential oils in the spice, wood, citrus, floral and herbaceous families.

For topical formulations intended for adults, Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.15% for Allspice Essential Oil.

Essential Oil: Ammi Visnaga, Morocco

Ammi Visnaga Essential Oil, also known as Khella Essential Oil is steam distilled from the seeds of the Ammi visnaga plant, a member of the carrot family. Ammi Visnaga Essential Oil is gaining recognition as one of the best essential oils to use to help support respiratory and bronchial health. We encourage you to research the numerous benefits of this helpful oil.

Aromatically, our Ammi Visnaga Essential Oil possesses a unique earthy, herbal and slightly floral aroma. It is considered a middle note that blends well with essential oils in the wood, citrus, floral and herbaceous families.

According to Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Ammi Visnaga Essential Oil may be phototoxic.

Below is a summary of the major constituents present within our Ammi Visnaga Essential Oil:

  • Linalol: 32.86%
  • Methyl 2 butyrate d'amyle + Isovalerate d'amyle: 17.28%
  • Isobutyrate d'amyle: 12.43%
  • Valerate d'amyle: 5.53%
  • trans-B-ocimene: 3.98%

Essential Oil: Amyris, Dominican Republic

Amyris Essential Oil is steam distilled from Amyris balsamifera, a tall tree that is indigenous to the Dominican Republic. The oil is also sometimes known as West Indian Sandalwood Essential Oil. Although its composition and aroma does not closely resemble Sandalwood Essential Oil, Amyris Oil is sometimes used as a sustainable alternative.

Within skincare applications, Amyris Essential Oil can be used to help support healthy, youthful skin.

Aromatically, Amyris Essential Oil possesses a sweet, warm, woody, resinous aroma. It is wonderful to blend with, and it serves as a fixative that helps anchor the top and middle notes of a blend. Amyris Oil is appreciated for its aroma and use as a scent fixative in in perfumery, fragrancing and soapmaking applications. It blends especially well with essential oils that are in the wood, resin, floral, spice and citrus families.

Emotionally, Amyris Essential Oil is a deep, resinous oil that is grounding, balancing and relaxing. It is a wonderful oil to consider for use in blends intended to ease anxiety and stress and to promote restfulness.

Essential Oil: Angelica Root, England

Our Angelica Root Essential Oil is a clear/pale yellow oil with thin viscosity that is steam distilled from the roots of Angelica archangelica, a biennial herb that is most commonly grown in regions of northern Europe.

Angelica Root Essential Oil is valued for its aroma within fine fragrancing, perfumery and beauty/personal care applications. With its deep, grounding aroma, it is widely used as base note and can help to act as a natural fixative. Although the recipes are proprietary, Angelica Root is rumored to contribute to the distinctive aroma and flavor of Benedictine and Chartreuse, both fine French liquors with a fascinating history.

Our Angelica Root Oil possesses a rather deep, peppery/spicy, woody herbaceous aroma that blends well with many other essential oils and aromatics including oils in the wood, herbal, floral, spice and root families.

Within holistic aromatherapy applications, Angelica Root Essential Oil is considered grounding and may help ease the feelings of stress, anxiety and exhaustion. It is also said to act as an aphrodisiac for some.

Angelica Root Essential Oil is a photosensitizer. Use at less than 0.8% in products that remain on the surface of the skin to avoid risk of phototoxicity as recommended by IFRA and Essential Oil Safety (Edition 2) by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.

Essential Oil: Anise, Egypt

Anise Essential Oil is steam distilled from the seeds of Pimpinella anisum, a plant that is indigenous to Egypt and regions of the Mediterranean and Asia.

Aromatically, Anise Essential Oil possesses a sweet, fragrant aroma similar to licorice. It blends especially well with essential oils that are in the wood, resin, herbaceous, spice and citrus families.

It is a warming and energizing essential oil that can help reduce mental fatigue, improve clarity, help maintain alertness and support healthy digestion.

Anise Essential Oil is used in massage formulations to help alleviate muscular aches and pains. When used in soap, anise is said to mask human odors, making it a good addition to fisherman's or hunters soap.

Anise Essential Oil is wonderful to use year-round, but it is especially lovely for seasonal use during the Autumn and Winter seasons. It wonderful for use in home fragrancing, diffusion and potpourri blends.

It is sometimes confused with Star Anise Essential Oil, but they are different species and have somewhat different properties.

For topical formulations intended for adults, Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 2.4% for Anise Essential Oil.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our Anise Essential Oil:

  • Anethole: 78.1%
  • Limonene: 14.6%
  • Estragole: 1.1%
  • Methyleugenol: 0.07%

Essential Oil: Bergamot (CP), Italy

Bergamot Essential Oil is cold pressed from the rinds of Citrus bergamia, a citrus fruit that is loved for its beautiful, fragrant aroma and for its numerous benefits in skincare, balancing the emotions and supporting general wellbeing. It possesses a lovely light, fresh, floral citrus aroma that is uplifting, rejuvenating, and balancing. Although lemon, lime and grapefruit essential oils are considered energizing essential oils that are best avoided before bedtime, Bergamot Essential Oil is much more relaxing and calming due to its impressive content of the ester Linalyl Acetate. Bergamot Oil is a wonderful oil to include in formulations intended to uplift the spirits, promote happiness and reduce stress and negative emotions. It also helps to alleviate fatigue.

Within skin care applications, Bergamot Essential Oil can help to support healthy skin and balance oily complexions. Insects also tend to dislike the aroma of Bergamot Essential Oil.

Bergamot Oil is what gives Earl Grey Tea its distinctive flavor. Aromatically, if you like Orange Essential Oil or other citrus essential oils, you will likely love Bergamot. The aroma possesses a beautiful complexity that combines citrus, woody and delicately floral notes. Tangerine Essential Oil and Mandarin Essential Oil lovers typically also love Bergamot. Bergamot Essential Oil blends nicely with neroli, cypress, juniper, geranium, rose, ylang ylang and other florals. It is a favorite of perfumers.

Cold pressed Bergamot Essential Oil is phototoxic. For leave-on topical formulations, IFRA and Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.4%. If exceeding this guideline in topical applications, it is recommended that you avoid sun or UV exposure for at least 12 hours.

Essential Oil: Cajeput, Australia

Our pure, therapeutic quality Cajeput Essential Oil is steam distilled from the leaves of Melaleuca cajuputi, a tree that is native to Australia. It contains 72% 1,8 Cineole and is well suited for use in a wide array of wellness applications and formulations intended to help support the immune system. Cajeput Essential Oil is also beneficial when incorporated into soap and household cleaning formulations.

Aromatically, Cajeput Essential Oil possesses a fresh and camphor-like aroma. It blends well with many other essential oils including those within the citrus, floral, mint and wood families.

Avoid in all formulations intended for babies and young children and avoid in any formulations intended for the face of all children as advised by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young within Essential Oil Safety (Edition 2).

Essential Oil: Cardamom, Sri Lanka

Cardamom Essential Oil is steam distilled from the aromatic, flavorful seeds of Elettaria cardamomum, an herbaceous, leafy plant that is native to India and Sri Lanka.

Aromatically, Cardamom Essential Oil is a middle note that possesses a sweet, spicy, woody aroma. This is a beautifully aromatic Cardamom Essential Oil. It does not have the sharp, bitter note that some poor quality cardamom essential oils have. It blends especially well with essential oils that are in the wood, resin, floral, spice and citrus families.

Cardamom Essential Oil is helpful in supporting a healthy digestive system and in supporting the nerves.

Emotionally, Cardamom Essential Oil is an energizing and uplifting oil that is well suited for use in blends intended to reduce stress and anxiety. In India, it is considered to be an aphrodisiac.

Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend avoiding use of Cardamom Essential Oil on or near the face of babies and children.

Essential Oil: Carrot Seed, France

Carrot Seed Essential Oil is steam distilled from the seeds of Daucus carota, a species of carrot that is also known as Wild Carrot and Queen Anne's Lace.

Carrot Seed Essential Oil is most widely used in skin care and topical applications as it is a remarkable oil for supporting healthy skin. It is a highly revitalizing oil and is an excellent choice for all skin types. The oil is especially well suited for use in skin care formulations intended for mature, dry, damaged or problem skin. Carrot Seed Essential Oil is also useful for balancing oily and dry skin.

Aromatically, Carrot Seed Essential Oil is a middle note that possesses an earthy and woody aroma. The oil is primarily used for its beneficial skin care properties and isn't as widely used in diffusion or fragrancing applications. Carrot Seed Essential Oil blends well with essential oils in the wood, herbaceous, spice and citrus families.

Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young indicate that Carrot Seed Essential Oil is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our Carrot Seed Essential Oil:

  • Carotol (Sesquiterpenol): 33.24%
  • a-Pinene (Monoterpene): 9.31%
  • Sabinene (Monoterpene): 7.67%
  • B-Caryophyllene (Sesquiterpene): 6.54%

Essential Oil: Catnip, USA

Our Catnip Essential Oil is steam distilled from the flowering tops of Nepeta cataria, an herbaceous plant that is most well known for its immense appeal to cats. Catnip Essential Oil also offers numerous benefits when used within skin and personal care applications.

Catnip Essential Oil is abundant in the lactone know as nepetalactone. Nepetalactone is the constituent responsible for making catnip so appealing to cats. Mosquitos and some other insects absolutely hate nepetalactone and tend to avoid Catnip Essential Oil and products that contain sufficient quantities of it.

Catnip Essential Oil is an excellent choice for use within skin and hair care, holistic wellbeing, massage, soap making, fragrancing and cleaning applications intended to support general wellness, digestive and respiratory health and a healthy environment.

Aromatically, Catnip Essential Oil is considered a middle note, and it possesses an herbaceous, woody aroma. Alone, it's aroma is not particularly pleasant, but it is an aromatically versatile oil that blends wonderfully with essential oils that are in the wood, mint, resin, herbaceous, spice and citrus families.

Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young indicate that there is a low risk of skin sensitization with Catnip Essential Oil, so we recommend diluting it adequately for all topical applications.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our Catnip Essential Oil:

  • Nepetalactones (including Isonomers): 32.15%
  • Caryophyllene (trans): 59.99%

Essential Oil: Cedarwood, Virginia

Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil, Juniperus virginiana, is actually a member of the juniper family. It is the source for most of the cedarwood essential oil available.

Aromatically, Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil is a base note. It possesses a beautifully deep, rich, woody aroma that resembles the scent of cedarwood closets. It is a highly versatile essential oil that tends to be an aromatic favorite among men.

Emotionally, Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil is a very grounding oil. It is a good choice for inclusion within blends intended to support relaxation and a sense of calm.

Within skin care applications, Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil can be helpful in blends intended to help combat oily skin. It is also helpful in supporting a healthy respiratory system. Insects tend to dislike the aroma of Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil, and that is one of the reasons why the wood has been used to make closets and to make cedarwood balls for use in long term clothing storage.

This Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil is a rectified essential oil. It contains no additives or solvents. It is an beautiful and economical choice for use within personal care and soap making applications.

Below is a summary of the primary constituents present within our Virginian Cedarwood Essential Oil:

  • a-Cedrene (Sesquiterpene): 41%
  • Thujopsene (Sesquiterpene): 16%
  • Cedrol (Sesquiterpenol): 13%
  • B-Cedrene (Sesquiterpene): 8%

Essential Oil: Chamomile, German, England

Our German Chamomile Essential Oil is steam distilled from the flowers of Matricaria recutita. Although this species is widely known as "German Chamomile," it is not exclusive to Germany and grows throughout Europe. The oil is also known as Blue Chamomile Essential Oil due to its very dark, indigo hue.

German Chamomile Essential Oil is soothing, calming and supportive for irritated, dry, itchy, mature, damaged and problem skin types. Both Roman and German Chamomile Essential Oils offer anti-inflammatory benefits. However, German Chamomile Essential Oil is often the preferred chamomile species amongst aromatherapists and formulators for use within skin care applications.

Aromatically, our German Chamomile Essential Oil is a middle note, and it possesses a fruity, green, floral aroma. Alone, the aroma of German Chamomile Essential Oil is not considered as pleasant as that of Roman Chamomile Essential Oil. However, it blends well with other essential oils especially those within the wood, herbaceous, citrus and floral families.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our German Chamomile Essential Oil:

  • E(trans)-B-Farnesene: 41.13%
  • Bicyclogermacrene: 8.12%
  • E,E-a-Farnesene: 7.19%
  • a-Bisabolol Oxide B: 5.53%
  • Germacrene D: 5.10%
  • Bisabolol Oxide A: 4.05%
  • Trans-B-Ocimene: 3.54%
  • a-Bisabolol Oxide A: 2.52%
  • Chamazulene: 2.51%

Essential Oil: Chamomile, Roman, United Kingdom

Our Roman Chamomile Essential Oil is steam distilled from the flowers of Anthemis nobilis. The botanical name Chamaemelum nobile is also used to refer to Roman Chamomile. Although this species is commonly known as "Roman Chamomile," it is grows throughout Europe. Unlike German Chamomile Essential Oil that is very dark blue in color, Roman Chamomile Essential Oil tends to be virtually colorless or very pale blue to pale green.

For emotional wellness, Roman Chamomile Essential Oil is very well suited for use in formulations intended to help reduce anxious feelings and promote restful sleep, relaxation and to encourage a sense of calm.

Within personal care applications, Roman Chamomile Essential Oil can be very helpful in formulations intended to calm and soothe muscles, joints and irritated skin.

Aromatically, our Roman Chamomile Essential Oil is a middle note. It possesses a beautiful, fruity, herbaceous chamomile aroma. It blends well with other essential oils especially those within the herbaceous, citrus, floral and wood families.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our Roman Chamomile Essential Oil:

  • Methylamyl Angelate: 14.15%
  • Methallyl Angelate: 9.97%
  • Isoamyl Angelate: 9.08%
  • Isobutyl Angelate / Isoamyl Methacrylate (co-elution): 13.32%
  • a-Pinene: 5.61%
  • 2-Methylbutyl Angelate: 5.69%
  • Trans-Pinocarveol: 7.76%

Essential Oil: Cinnamon Bark, Indonesia

Our Indonesian Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil is steam distilled from the inner bark of the Cinnamomum burmanni tree. It is a warm, highly aromatic, spicy oil that possesses an aroma that is a cross between traditional Cinnamon Bark Oil (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and Cassia Bark Oil (Cinnamomum cassia). It is an affordable alternative to Cinnamomum zeylanicum and is well suited, in appropriate safe dilutions, for use in soaps, personal care and room fragrancing applications.

The beautiful, spicy aroma blends well with oils in the citrus, floral, spice, woods and resin categories. It blends especially well with clove, ylang ylang, rose, frankincense, geranium and patchouli.

It is a favorite aroma of all genders and ages. The aroma is quite concentrated, and a little goes a long way. It can bring a lovely warmth and complexity to otherwise ordinary blends.

For holistic aromatherapy applications, Indonesian Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil is especially energizing and uplifting. Although spice oils like Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil are warming and are most commonly used during the Autumn and Winter seasons, the oil is lovely to use at any time of year. As a warming oil, it is a wonderful addition to massage oil blends. However, do not exceed the recommended usage rate.

Use extreme care when including Indonesian Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil in topical applications and do not exceed 0.07% in leave-on topical applications as recommended by IFRA and Essential Oil Safety (Edition 2) by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.

Essential Oil: Clary Sage, England

Our Clary Sage Essential Oil is steam distilled from the flowering tops of Salvia sclarea that is grown, harvested and distilled in England.

For emotional wellness, Clary Sage Essential Oil is an especially calming essential oil. Naturally containing significantly more of the calming constituent Linalyl Acetate than does Lavender Essential Oil, Clary Sage Essential Oil is well suited for use in formulations intended to help reduce anxious feelings and promote restful sleep, relaxation and to encourage a sense of calm. It is also considered to be an aphrodisiac by some, and it may be helpful in sexual wellness applications. In spiritual applications, it is said to help support spiritual balance.

Within personal care applications, Clary Sage Essential Oil can help support healthy skin, hair and digestion.

Aromatically, our Clary Sage Essential Oil is a middle note. It possesses an earthy, herbaceous, slightly floral aroma. It blends well with other essential oils especially those within the herbaceous, citrus, floral and wood families.

Essential Oil: Cypress, Crete

Our pure, therapeutic quality Cypress Essential Oil is a lovely evergreen oil that is steam distilled from the leaves of Cupressus sempervirens, grown on the beautiful Greek island of Crete.

It is especially abundant in Pinene, L-Carene and other constituents present within the monoterpene family.

Its natural chemical composition makes Cypress Essential Oil widely used within skin and hair care, holistic wellbeing, massage, soap making, fragrancing and cleaning applications intended to support wellness and a healthy environment.

Cypress Essential Oil is an effective astringent and is well suited for inclusion in facial toners, after shaves and other applications that benefit from astringency. It is also a good choice for inclusion within natural deodorant formulations and formulations intended to help balance oily skin and hair.

Emotionally, Cypress Essential Oil is a gently stimulating, energizing essential oil that is ideal for aromatherapy, massage, wellness and soap making applications intended to energize and uplift the body and mind.

Within fragrancing applications and blending work, Cypress Essential Oil is considered a middle note. It is moderate in aromatic intensity and possesses a fresh, evergreen, slightly herbaceous scent.

Cypress Essential Oil is an aromatically versatile oil that blends well with many other natural aromatics including essential oils within the conifer, floral, mint, herbaceous and citrus families.

Below is a summary of the primary constituents present within our Cypress Essential Oil:

  • Pinene (Monoterpene): 52.58%
  • L-Carene (Monoterpene): 12.28%
  • a-Terpinyl Acetate (Ester): 5.12%
  • Terpinin-4-ol (Monoterpenol): 5.07%
  • a-Copaene (Sesquiterpene): 2.80%

Essential Oil: Eucalyptus Globulus, India

Eucalyptus Essential Oil is steam distilled from the aromatic leaves of Eucalyptus globulus, an aromatic tree that is found in Australia, India and in temperate climates.

Eucalyptus Globulus Essential Oil is abundant in 1,8-Cineole (also known as eucalyptol) and is well suited for use in room diffusion and chest balm types of applications intended to support wellness.

In holistic aromatherapy applications, Eucalyptus Globulus Essential Oil is typically considered to be energizing and uplifting. Is can be used in blends to help promote focus and clarity.

Aromatically, Eucalyptus Globulus Essential Oil is a top note with a fresh, crisp medicinal aroma. It blends well with peppermint, spearmint, lavender, lemon and other citrus oils and cedarwood and other wood oils.

Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend avoiding use of Eucalyptus globulus Essential Oil on or near the face of babies and children. For topical formulations intended for adults, they recommend a dermal maximum of 20%.

Essential Oil: Fennel, Sweet, Hungary

Our Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is produced by steam distilling the seeds of Foeniculum vulgare dulce, an aromatic herb that possesses a sweet, anise-like aroma somewhat similar to licorice.

Sweet Fennel Essential Oil can be especially helpful when used in formulations intended to support a healthy digestive system.

Within formulations intended for emotional support, Fennel Essential Oil is a stimulating yet balancing oil that can help support mental focus and clarity.

Aromatically, Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is a middle note. It possesses a sweet, anise-like aroma and is often used in natural perfumery to help round out aromatic blends. It blends especially well with other essential oils in the citrus, mint, wood and spice families.

Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young indicate that Fennel Essential Oil should be avoided with children and is contraindicated in pregnancy, breastfeeding, endometriosis and estrogen-dependent cancers. For topical formulations intended for adults, they recommend a dermal maximum of 2.5%.

Essential Oil: Frankincense, Somalia

Frankincense resin has been used for centuries for meditation, spiritual and overall wellness applications.

Our Frankincense Essential Oil is artisan distilled in England using exceptional quality Somalian Boswellia carteri gum resin. The result is a beautifully aromatic and therapeutic quality Somalian Frankincense Essential Oil that is well suited for wellness, cosmetic, aromatherapy, spiritual and fragrancing applications.

Within diffuser applications, Somalian Frankincense Essential Oil can be helpful in supporting a healthy respiratory system. In cosmetic and skin care applications, it can help provide support to problematic, wounded or mature skin.

For emotional wellness, Frankincense Essential Oil is a very grounding and balancing oil. It helps center the mind and calm the spirit.

Several different species of Frankincense exist, and each can offer a slightly different aromatic profile. We find that essential oil distilled from Boswellia carteri possesses a beautifully woody, balsamic, and slightly spicy aroma. It is a base note that blends well with many essential oils, especially those in the citrus, spice and wood families.

Essential Oil: Geranium, Egypt

Our Geranium Essential Oil is steam distilled from the leaves of Pelargonium graveolens. The botanical name Pelargonium asperum is also used to refer to Geranium Essential Oil.

Within personal care applications, Geranium Essential Oil can help soothe and provide support to problematic, wounded and mature skin.

Geranium Essential Oil is known as a woman's essential oil due to its use in wellness and aromatherapy applications that support female issues. Emotionally, Geranium Essential Oil is a balancing and calming oil.

Aromatically, Geranium Essential Oil is rather strong and is considered a middle note. A little goes a long way. It possesses a distinctively sweet, green, floral aroma. It blends well with other essential oils within the floral, citrus and wood families.

Insects tend to dislike the aroma of Geranium Essential Oil.

For topical formulations intended for adults, Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 17.5% for Geranium Essential Oil.

Essential Oil: Ginger, Fresh Sweet, Indonesia

Ginger Essential Oil, Zingiber officinale, has a warm, strong, spicy aroma. This particular Ginger Oil is slightly sweeter and possesses less of the harsh "zing" that many other ginger essential oils are known for. Ginger Essential Oil can be calming yet also act as a stimulant. Within muscle and massage formulations, it helps to relieve soreness and stiffness in muscles and increases circulation. It also can strengthen the immune system during the cold season. Ginger Oil blends well with citrus oils, sandalwood, frankincense, cedarwood, and palmarosa.

Ginger Essential Oil is very strong, and it must be diluted significantly before using on skin or in the bath. Use it with caution during pregnancy.

Essential Oil: Grapefruit, Pink (CP), USA

Pink Grapefruit Essential Oil, Citrus paradisi, is aromatically sweeter than White Grapefruit Oil. It is cold pressed from the peels of pink grapefruits and possesses a fresh, clean, uplifting aroma. The aroma is slightly tart while also being pleasant and sweet and is generally well favored even by those that don't enjoy consuming the fresh fruit itself.

Within holistic aromatherapy applications, Pink Grapefruit Essential Oil has been used to uplift the spirits and relieve stress. Within skin and hair care applications, it offers astringent properties that help to balance oily skin and hair. It is a useful addition to facial toners.

Aromatically, Pink Grapefruit Essential Oil is very versatile and blends well with other citrus essential oils and oils in the mint, floral and wood families.

Cold pressed Pink Grapefruit Essential Oil is phototoxic. For leave-on topical formulations, IFRA and Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 4%. If exceeding this guideline in topical applications, it is recommended that you avoid sun or UV exposure for at least 12 hours.

Essential Oil: Hyssop, England

Although Hyssop Essential Oil, Hyssopus officinalis, is steam distilled from the lovely purple floral buds that adorn the hyssop plant, the essential oil possesses an aroma that is crisp, fresh, earthy, woody and slightly sweet. Within aromatherapy and natural fragrancing applications, Hyssop Oil is said to promote a sense of relaxation and to help calm the nerves.

Hyssop Essential Oil is traditionally used in diffusion and mist applications to help promote emotional and physical well being. However, it is also said that in skin care formulations, it may help soothe dry and flaky skin.

Hyssop Essential Oil is contraindicated in epilepsy and pregnancy.

Essential Oil: Juniper Berry, Hungary

Juniper Berry Essential Oil, Juniperus communis, possesses a warm, woody, peppery, pine aroma. In natural fragrancing applications, Juniper Oil is considered a middle note. It blends well with other essential oils in the wood, conifer, herbaceous, spice, mint and floral families.

Traditionally, Juniper was used by Native Americans to purify the air. It is especially abundant in a-pinene and other consituents within the monoterpene family. Its uplifting and energizing aroma is wonderfully suited for inclusion in room sprays and diffuser formulations.

Juniper Berry Oil is cleansing and can be incorporated into topical formulations to help balance and promote healthy skin and hair.

Essential Oil: Lavandin Grosso, France

Our Lavandin Grosso Essential Oil, Lavandula hybrida, is a hybrid lavender and is similar in properties to Lavandula Angustifolia Essential Oil. The Lavandin grosso plant, however, yields more oil, and is less costly. It also contains slightly more camphor than does Lavandula angustifolia. Lavandin Grosso Oil represents most of the lavender oil produced today.

Essential Oil: Lavandin, Spain

Our Lavandin Essential Oil, Lavandula hybrida, is produced by crossing English lavender and spike lavender oils. Lavandin Oil is more camphorous than Lavandula angustifolia and has similar, but less pronounced, therapeutic properties. Lavandin Essential Oil can be included in formulations intended for pain relief or disinfection.

Essential Oil: Lavender, Bulgaria

Our Bulgarian Lavender Essential Oil, Lavandula officinalis or Lavandula angustifolia, is a high quality, full-bodied lavender that is less camphorous than most lavenders. Those who don't typically like the camphorous scent of lavender will likely favor the aroma of this lovely Lavender Oil. Lavender is traditionally used in calming formations. Lavender Essential Oil possesses numerous beneficial properties and is widely used in skin care, hair care and aromatherapy. Lavender Oil is considered the safest oil to use for babies and children provided it is used in especially low dilutions within your babycare and childcare formulations.

Essential Oil: Lemon (CP), USA

Lemon Essential Oil, Citrus limonium, is cold pressed from the peels of the fruit. It possesses a fresh, uplifting, lemony aroma. It is a pleasant and functional addition to cleaning formulations and air fresheners. Lemon Essential Oil helps to clean and cut grease while imparting a pleasant citrus aroma.

Within hair and skin care applications, the astringency of Lemon Essential Oil makes it useful for combating oily skin and hair. Within holistic aromatherapy, the bright, citrus scent is stimulating, but it also is said to aid in focus and concentration. Lemon Essential Oil is often used by spas and incorporated into body massage oils, body wraps and salt soaks.

Our Lemon Essential Oil is naturally comprised of 70% limonene, a monoterpene that is highly praised for its many beneficial properties and that contributes to the fresh, bright uplifting aroma of the oil.

Aromatically, Lemon Essential Oil is very versatile and blends well with other citrus essential oils and oils in the mint, floral, wood, herbaceous and spice families.

Citrus oils may become cloudy when subjected to cold temperatures due to the natural citrus wax present in the oil.

Cold pressed Lemon Essential Oil is phototoxic. For leave-on topical formulations, IFRA and Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 2%. If exceeding this guideline in topical applications, it is recommended that you avoid sun or UV exposure for at least 12 hours.

Essential Oil: Lemon Tea Tree, Australia

Our pure, therapeutic quality Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil is clear to pale yellow in hue. It is a wonderfully and intensely fragrant lemony essential oil that is steam distilled from the leaves of Australian Leptospermum petersonii.

Also known as the Lemon-Scented Tea Tree, Leptospermum petersonii is an attractive, smaller tree with very fragrant, lemony leaves that is sometimes also used and pruned as an ornamental tree or shrub.

Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil possesses a sweet, lemony aroma that is even more fragrant and intense than cold pressed Lemon Essential Oil. Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil is abundant in citral (citral is comprised of geranial and neral), making the essential oil especially beneficial when incorporated into diffuser blends, sprays and other products intended to support the respiratory and immune systems and to support overall wellness.

When carefully used at minute dilutions within skin care applications, Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil can be helpful in formulations intended for oily skin.

With it's sweet, lemony aroma, Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil also helps to combat odors and is also a highly beneficial ingredient when incorporated into surface cleaners and other household cleaning products.

It is reported that insects hate the smell of Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil and therefore, it may be an effective deterrent. However, it is your responsibility to test the effectiveness of Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil for any products that you sell. If intending to create and sell any type of "insect repellent" products using Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil, it is your responsibility to procure the appropriate approval from the EFA or other regulatory agencies that oversee the area(s) that you intend to sell your products.

Emotionally, Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil is a calming yet energizing essential oil that is ideal for aromatherapy, massage, wellness and soap making applications intended to energize and uplift the body and mind. The oil is abundant in citral and other aldehydes. Australian essential oil expert Salvatore Battaglia explains that aldehydes can be calming when used in low dilutions. [Salvatore Battaglia, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy (Australia: The Perfect Potion, 2003), 82.]

For topical formulations intended for adults, Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 0.8% for Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil. Do not use with children under age 2.

Below is a summary of the primary constituents present within our Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil:

  • Geranial: 31.96%
  • Citronellal: 28.44%
  • Neral: 21.66%
  • Isopulegol: 2.52%
  • Isopulegol : 1.90%
  • Myrcene: 1.51%
  • Citronellol: 1.29%

Essential Oil: Lime (CP), Mexico

Lime Essential Oil, Citrus aurantifolia, is cold pressed from the peels of the fruit. It possesses a fresh, citrusy aroma that is unmistakably lime. Lime Essential Oil offers the same therapeutic and blending properties of Lemon Oil, and can be used in much the same way. As with Lemon Essential Oil, Lime Oil is highly versatile and blends well with other citrus essential oils and oils in the mint, floral, wood, herbaceous and spice families.

Lime Essential Oil is phototoxic. Avoid topical use within 4 hours of exposure to the sun.

Essential Oil: Mandarin, Green, Italy

Our pure, therapeutic quality Green Mandarin Essential Oil is pale to medium green in hue. From Italy, it is a wonderfully and intensely fragrant essential oil that is cold pressed from the rinds of mandarins (Citrus reticulata) that haven't fully matured.

Aromatically, Green Mandarin Essential Oil is a beautiful, sweet yet pleasantly tart citrus oil. It possesses a wonderfully more dynamic, tart character than Red Mandarin Essential Oil.

For emotional applications, Green Mandarin Essential Oil is the perfect addition to formulations intended to promote calmness, relaxation and a sense of well-being. Green Mandarin Oil is gentle enough for children and can help relax them before sleep.

Green Mandarin Essential Oil is well suited for use in personal care products intended for oily skin or hair.

Aromatically, Green Mandarin Essential Oil is a beautiful, sweet yet pleasantly tart citrus oil. It blends well with other citrus essential oils and oils in the mint, floral, wood, herbaceous and spice families.

Cold pressed Green Mandarin Essential Oil is not phototoxic.

Below is a summary of the primary constituents present within our Green Mandarin Essential Oil:

  • Limonene: 79.81%
  • Terpinene: 9.67%
  • Myrcene: 1.85%
  • a-Thujene: 1.57%

Essential Oil: Neroli, Morocco

Neroli Essential Oil, Citrus aurantium, is steam distilled from the blossoms of the bitter orange tree.

Our Moroccan Neroli Oil is a wonderful neroli specimen that possesses a complex floral/citrus aroma. Neroli is often used in fine perfumery and fragrancing applications. Within aromatherapy applications, it is often used for anxiety, depression and for uplifting the spirits. Neroli Essential Oil helps to balance skin and hair, and can help control overproduction of sebum. It is one of the best oils for the face as it helps regenerate skin cells.

Neroli Essential Oil is quite potent aromatically, and a little goes a very long way. Neroli is comparable in aromatic strength to jasmine and rose absolutes. A wonderful advantage of Neroli Essential Oil, however, is that it is steam distilled and not solvent extracted. To enjoy and savor the complexity and subtle notes that Neroli incorporates, we recommend diluting it significantly before evaluating its remarkable aroma.

Neroli Oil blends beautifully with rose, bergamot, geranium, citrus oils and some of the conifer oils.

Essential Oil: Neroli, Tunisia

Neroli Essential Oil, Citrus aurantium, is steam distilled from the blossoms of the bitter orange tree.

Our Tunisian Neroli Oil is a lovely neroli specimen that possesses a beautifully complex floral/citrus aroma. It is a bit lighter and more exquisitely floral than our Moroccan Neroli. Neroli is often used in fine perfumery and fragrancing applications. Within holistic wellbeing and aromatherapy applications, it is often used for anxiety, depression and for uplifting the spirits. Neroli Essential Oil helps to balance skin and hair, and can help support normal sebum production. It is one of the best essential oils to use for facial skin care applications.

Neroli Essential Oil is quite potent aromatically, and a little goes a very long way. Neroli is comparable in aromatic strength to jasmine and rose absolutes. A wonderful advantage of Neroli Essential Oil, however, is that it is steam distilled and not solvent extracted. To enjoy and savor the complexity and subtle notes that Neroli incorporates, we recommend diluting it significantly before evaluating its remarkable aroma.

Neroli Oil blends beautifully with rose, bergamot, geranium, citrus oils and some of the conifer oils.

Essential Oil: Opopanax, England

Opopanax Essential Oil, also known as Sweet Myrrh Oil, is often used for applications similar to that of Myrrh Essential Oil.

Our Opopanax Essential Oil is steam distilled in England from the aromatic resin of opopanax grown in Somalia.

The aroma of Opopanax Essential Oil resembles that of Myrrh, but it is sweeter and lighter in intensity. It is a pleasantly aromatic oil that is deep, woody, balsamic and peppery.

Opopanax Essential Oil is considered a middle/base note and is most commonly used in natural and fine fragrancing applications as well as in diffuser, incense and home fragrancing formulations. It is a natural fixative that helps to prolong the aroma of fragrances.

Do not exceed 0.6% in topical applications as recommended by IFRA and Essential Oil Safety (Edition 2) by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young. Opopanax Essential Oil is phototoxic. Topical use should be avoided within 4 hours of exposure to the sun.

Essential Oil: Orange, Sweet (CP), USA

Sweet Orange Essential Oil, Citrus sinensis, is cold pressed from orange peels. It possesses a fresh, sweet, uplifting, orange aroma. Within holistic aromatherapy applications, Sweet Orange Essential Oil is an energizing oil that can simultaneously ease stress and anxiety.

The rejuvenating citrus scent of Sweet Orange Essential Oil is versatile and blends well with other citrus essential oils and oils in the mint, floral, wood, herbaceous and spice families.

Sweet Orange Essential Oil offers numerous benefits. Within skin care applications, it can be helpful in toner and skin care products intended for oily skin. It can be effective at dissolving oil and grease, and Sweet Orange Essential Oil is becoming a common addition to help cut grease within household and industrial cleaning applications.

Essential Oil: Patchouli, Indonesia

Patchouli Essential Oil, Pogostemon cablin, possesses a warm, mellow, earthy scent that was especially popular in the 1960's. Patchouli Oil is an effective anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant and stress reliever. It helps to tighten the pores of the skin and is used to combat wrinkles. It regulates oily skin and dandruff and is said to mobilize cellulite for elimination. Patchouli Essential Oil helps to break up mucous and helps to reduce fever. Patchouli Oil is also used for the treatment of acne, eczema, psoriasis, sores and burns. Patchouli blends nicely with sandalwood, cedarwood, orange, rose, geranium and other florals. It has a sedative effect when used in small quantities.

Essential Oil: Peppermint, India

With its beautiful, fresh, intense minty aroma, Peppermint Essential Oil, Mentha piperita, offers numerous applications within beauty, cosmetic, aromatherapy and soapmaking applications.

Peppermint Essential Oil can help reduce mental fatigue, help maintain alertness and support healthy digestion. Insects tend to dispise the aroma of Peppermint Oil.

Peppermint Essential Oil blends especially well with essential oils in the mint, wood, spice, citrus and herbaceous families.

Do not use Peppermint Oil with babies or toddlers. A dermal maximum of 5.4% is recommended per Essential Oil Safety (Edition 2) by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young. Reading their full safety profile for Peppermint Essential Oil is recommended.

Below is a summary of the major constituents present within our Peppermint Essential Oil:

  • Menthol: 41.5%
  • Menthone: 25.8%
  • 1,8-cineole: 5.5%
  • Isomenthone: 5.7%
  • Methyl acetate: 5.1%

Essential Oil: Rosalina, Australia

Rosalina Essential Oil is obtained from the tree known as Melaleuca ericifolia. It is native to Australia and is from the same family as the tea tree.

Within aromatherapy and natural fragrancing applications, Rosalina Essential Oil possesses a calming, sweet, floral, rose-like, woody aroma similar to that of Rosewood Essential Oil (also known as Bois-de-rose Oil). Rosalina Essential Oil is a beautiful, affordable and environmentally friendly alternative to Rosewood Oil, and it can be used as a middle or base note in natural fragrancing and perfumery.

Rosalina Essential Oil is useful in applications that benefit from the inclusion of 1,8 cineole, a natural constituent found in Rosalina Essential Oil.

Essential Oil: Rosemary Cineole, Hungary

Our Rosemary Cineole Essential Oil is steam distilled from the flowering tops and leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis, a perennial herb that produces lovely pastel flowers.

Rosemary Cineole Essential Oil possesses a pleasant, herbaceous, sweet, and slightly camphorous aroma that blends well with many other essential oils and natural aromatics including but not limited to lavender, peppermint, cypress, cedarwood, basil and other oils within wood, herbal, spice and root families.

Rosemary Essential Oil is often used for its ability to help stimulate the mind and support focus, clarity and concentration. It is prized for its numerous emotional, skin and hair care benefits. It is well suited for use within aromatherapy, personal care, holistic wellbeing, massage, soap making, and fragrancing applications.

Essential Oil: Sandalwood, India

Our Mysore sandalwood essential oil, Santalum album, has a beautiful rich, heavy, sensual aroma. It has an astringent effect on oily skin and helps soothe irritated skin. Use sandalwood in facial blends to help balance the skin. It balances the mind and spirit, aids in meditation, calms the nervous system, and works as an aphrodisiac, especially for men. It blends well with florals, bergamot, vetiver, patchouli, clove and orange oils.

Essential Oil: Saro, Madagascar

Sourced from Madagascar, Saro Essential Oil is an uncommon oil that is also known as Mandravasarotra Essential Oil. Saro Oil is strongly anti-viral, antibacterial and anti-fungal. It is also said to offer anti-inflammatory properties, making it useful for massage, sore muscles and bruise formulations.

Aromatically, Saro Essential Oil is noticeably camphorous, like Eucalyptus Radiata, when inhaled directly from the bottle. As such, it is useful in any respiratory formulation that would benefit from the camphorous and expectorant properties of Saro. Upon dry out Saro Essential Oil presents an uplifting fruity/lemon with slightly delicate floral undertones.

Saro Oil, with its cheery lemony aroma, is definitely worth experimenting with in diffuser and inhalation blends intended to help combat the symptoms of the flu and bronchitis. Include it in room mists and surface cleansers intended to help kill germs and fight bacteria. Used in low dilution, it would also make a good addition to a chest rub or massage oil.

Avoid with children, during pregnancy or if you suffer from high blood pressure or seizures.

Essential Oil: Tangerine (CP), USA

Tangerine Orange Essential Oil, Citrus reticulata, is cold pressed from the peels of the fruit. It has a beautiful, tangy yet sweet tangerine aroma. Within holistic aromatherapy applications, it is an energizing oil while simultaneously promoting tranquility and a sense of well-being. It is often included in aromatherapy blends intended to help calm tension and anxiety. It is a favorite of children. In skin care applications, it is well suited for toners and applications intended for oily skin.

Aromatically, Tangerine Oil is similar to Orange Essential Oil (Orange Oil), but it has a tarter, sweeter aroma. It blends well with other citrus essential oils and oils in the mint, floral, wood, herbaceous and spice families.

Essential Oil: Tea Tree, Australia

Tea Tree Essential Oil, Melaleuca alternifolia, is one of the most widely respected and used essential oils as it is remarkably beneficial in supporting optimal immune function, healthy skin and hair and overall wellness.

Native to Australia, the Tea Tree is a small tree with paper-like bark. The tree is also known by several other names including narrow-leaved paperbark.

Aromatically, steam distilled Tea Tree Essential Oil possesses a fresh, medicinal, woody aroma. Tea Tree Essential Oil blends well with lavender, peppermint, eucalyptus, niaouli, spikenard, sandalwood and vetiver.

Tea Tree Essential Oil is praised in research and within reputable essential oil books and monographs. We welcome and encourage you to research and learn about this very important essential oil.

For topical formulations intended for adults, Essential Oil Safety Edition 2 by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young recommend a dermal maximum of 15% for Organic Tea Tree Essential Oil.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our Tea Tree Essential Oil:

  • Terpinen-4-ol: 40.93%
  • gamma-Terpinene: 20.87%
  • a-Terpinene: 10.06%
  • a-Terpineol: 2.82%
  • a-Pinene: 2.45%
  • 1,8 Cineole: 2.28%

Essential Oil: Tulsi (Holy Basil), India

Tulsi Essential Oil, Ocimum sanctum, also commonly known as Holy Basil, is considered a sacred plant in Hinduism. It has been used medicinally for centuries in India to help ward of illness and to aid in digestion. Tulsi Essential Oil is an essential remedy in ayurvedic medicine for promoting optimal health and well-being. Tulsi has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anti-spasmodic properties. The strong herbaceous scent blends well with citrus, spice, wood and floral essential oils.

Dilute especially well when using Tulsi Essential Oil topically.

Essential Oil: Yuzu (CP), Japan

The yuzu is a citrus fruit that is native to asia. Physically, these unique looking fruits have a slight resemblance to a small grapefuit, but the skin can vary in color ranging between yellow, orange and green. Yuzus aren't frequently eaten.

Our Yuzu Essential Oil is cold pressed from the rinds of the fruit, Citrus junos and possesses a delightfully pleasant, citrus aroma. It is best described as an exquisite, bright, aromatic combination of tart grapefruit and sweet mandarin.

Within fragrancing applications, Yuzu Essential Oil offers longer staying power in a blend than most other citrus oils. Yuzu Essential Oil is considered a top note, but its natural aroma does not dry out as quickly as other citrus oils.

In skin care, Yuzu Essential Oil can help to tone and support healthy skin. Emotionally, the aroma of Yuzu Essential Oil is uplifting and brings a sense of joy. It is a good choice for formulations intended to provide a sense of calm and emotional balance.

Essential oils that blend well with grapefruit, tangerine, orange and mandarin oils also tend to blend well with Yuzu Essential Oil.

Within Essential Oil Safety Edition 2, Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young consider Yuzu Essential Oil to not be phototoxic.

Below is a summary of the key constituents present within our Yuzu Essential Oil:

  • Limonene: 79.01%
  • a-Terpinene: 9.76%
  • Myrcene: 1.86%
  • Linalol: 1.78%
  • B-Phellandrene: 1.57%
  • a-Pinene: 1.28%

Essential Oil: Zdravetz, Bulgaria

FNWL Zdravetz Essential Oil, also known as Bulgarian Geranium, is steam distilled from Geranium macrorrhizum, a perennial flowering plant with aromatic leaves.

The oil possesses a beautifully complex green, woody, herbaceous and slightly floral aroma. Although it is sometimes compared to Rose or Rose Geranium Essential Oils, Zdravetz Oil is deeper and much more green and woody in aroma. Those that traditionally find geranium essential oils to be too strong or overpowering will likely be pleasantly surprised by the aromatic character of Zdravetz Essential Oil.

Zdravetz Essential Oil is used primarily in the perfume and fragrancing industries. It is considered a middle to base note and is useful as a natural fixative for fragrancing applications. Its aroma makes it well suited for formulations intended for men as well as women. It blends beautifully with rose, geranium, clary sage, lavender, ylang ylang, and oils in the wood, citrus, floral and herbaceous families.

Therapeutically, not much is known about its potential applications. As it is a base note with a deep, rich aroma, it is likely worth exploring for its grounding, balancing and calming attributes. Although Essential Oil Safety does not denote any known hazards or contraindications for Zdravetz Essential Oil, the oil consists of approximately 49% of the ketone Germacrone, so we recommend avoiding its use while pregnant or with babies/children. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 481.]

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